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Scapular Stability Exercises

Exercises > Strengthening (Joints) > Scapular Stability Exercises

 

The following scapular stability exercises are designed to improve the strength and control of the muscles of the shoulder blade (scapula). You should discuss the suitability of these exercises with your physiotherapist prior to beginning them. Generally, they should only be performed provided they do not cause or increase pain. Begin with the basic scapular stability exercises. Once these are too easy, progress to the intermediate scapular stability exercises. As your shoulder blade strength and control improves, the advanced and other exercises can then be added to the intermediate program.


Basic Scapular Stability Exercises

To begin with, the following basic scapular stability exercises should be performed approximately 3 times daily. As your strength and control improves, the exercises can be progressed by gradually increasing the repetitions, frequency or duration of the exercises provided they do not cause or increase pain.

Shoulder Blade Squeeze

Begin this exercise standing or sitting with your back and neck straight. Your chin should be tucked in slightly and your shoulders should be back slightly. Slowly squeeze your shoulder blades together as hard and far as you can go without pain and provided you feel no more than a moderate stretch (figure 1). Hold for 5 seconds and repeat 10 times provided the exercise is pain free.

Scapular Stability Exercises - Shoulder Blade Squeezes

Figure 1 Shoulder Blade Squeeze

Shoulder Blade Shrug

Begin this exercise standing with your back and neck straight. Your arm should be at your side, slightly away from your body with your palm facing forwards as demonstrated (figure 2). Slowly elevate your shoulder blade towards your ear as far as possible provided the exercise is pain free (figure 2). Hold for 5 seconds and repeat 10 times on each side.

Scapular Stability Exercises - Shoulder Blade Shrug

Figure 2 Shoulder Blade Shrug (right arm)

Shoulder Blades Forwards Against Wall

Begin this exercise standing with your back and neck straight and your hands against the wall as shown (figure 3). Your shoulder blades should be squeezed together fully in this position, your elbows straight and you should be leaning into the wall slightly. Keeping your back and neck straight, slowly bring your shoulder blades forward allowing your arms to lengthen. Hold for 2 seconds and then slowly return to the starting position. Repeat 10 times provided the exercise is pain free.

Scapular Stability Exercises - Shoulder Blades Forward Against Wall

Figure 3 Shoulder Blades Forwards Against Wall

Darts

Begin this exercise lying on your stomach with your arms by your side. Squeeze your shoulder blades together and slowly lifting your arms and chest off the ground, keeping your neck straight (figure 4). Hold for 2 seconds at the top of the movement and then slowly return to the starting position. Perform 10 20 repetitions provided the exercise is pain free. This exercise may be performed with palms facing up or down.

Shoulder Blade Stability Exercises - Darts

Figure 4 Darts


Intermediate Scapular Stability Exercises

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Advanced Scapular Stability Exercises

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Other Exercises

For two additional exercises designed to improve your shoulder blade stability and control 'Become a Member'

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Physiotherapy Products for Scapular Stability Exercises

 

Physiotherapy Products for Scapular Stability Exercises

 

To purchase physiotherapy products to assist with shoulder blade stability exercises and shoulder rehabilitation, click on one of the above links or visit the PhysioAdvisor Shop.


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