Written by Tele Demetrious, Physiotherapist, BPhysio(Hons)
Reviewed by Brett Harrop, APA Sports Physiotherapist, BPhysio(Hons), MPhysio(Sports Physio)

Health > Posture

Why maintain correct posture?

When maintaining correct posture, the joints, ligaments and muscles of the neck and back are positioned optimally so they are under minimal stress. Maintaining this position reduces the likelihood of back or neck injury, which is vital in today’s society where spinal and postural pain are prevalent. Maintaining correct postural alignment helps those suffering from neck or back pain, by reducing stress on injured structures, thereby speeding healing. Furthermore, this optimal spinal position enables your muscles to generate force more efficiently which improves performance in sporting or recreational activities.

Can I change my posture?

Many people have poor postural habits that have developed over a long period of time (figures 1 & 2). Due to these habits, joints gradually tighten up, restricting spinal movement and affecting posture. As a result, obtaining correct postural alignment often feels difficult and unnatural. This can be changed with practice.

Poor Sitting Posture

Figure 1 – Poor Sitting Posture

Poor Standing Posture

Figure 2 – Poor Standing Posture

The more time you spend maintaining correct posture, the easier it becomes. This occurs for two main reasons. Firstly, your joints and muscles loosen up with maintaining this optimal spinal position so that there is less resistance from your body. Secondly, your muscle ‘memory’ improves over time, so that with enough practice, maintaining this position occurs more naturally.

It is important to remember that your ability to maintain correct postural alignment won’t develop over night. Every time you find yourself slouching, don’t give up, just think of it as a time you can correct your position and do something productive, thereby gradually breaking bad habits.

What is correct posture?

As a general rule, correct posture (or optimal spinal alignment) can be achieved by ensuring there is a straight line from your ears, to your shoulders, to your hips. Think about maintaining a tall, long spine as though a piece of string is pulling your head toward the ceiling (figure 3).

Correct Standing Posture

Figure 3 – Correct Standing Posture

Postural Taping can be an excellent method to encourage optimal spinal alignment and can help educate individuals as to how to maintain this position during general activity. The goal with postural taping is to keep tension off the tape at all times therefore ensuring good spinal alignment is being maintained. A Posture Support may also be used in a similar manner.

Here are some recommendations on how to achieve optimal spinal alignment in various positions:


In sitting, it is important to have an ergonomic chair which offers firm support thereby allowing your body to maintain correct posture. Your bottom should be situated at the back of the chair and a lumbar support should be placed in the small of your back to assist with maintaining optimal spinal alignment. Your shoulders should be held back slightly and your chin should be tucked in a little (figure 4). The height of the chair should allow your hips and knees to be at right angles (it is important not to have your knees higher than the level of your hips as this may encourage slouching).

Correct Sitting Posture

Figure 4 – Correct Sitting Posture

Office setup

When sitting at a computer desk, the goal is to organize your environment so you can easily maintain correct posture (figure 5). Provided you can touch type, your keyboard should be as close to you as possible, encouraging you to maintain this position. If you have to look at the keys, it should be as close as possible so you can look down at the keys (using your eyes only) without having to bend your neck. Your mouse, telephone and other accessories should be as close as possible to prevent you having to lean forwards to reach them. Your computer monitor should be positioned directly in front of you, at or slightly below eye level to assist with maintaining the optimal neck position.

Office Setup for Correct Posture

Figure 5 – Office Setup for Correct Posture

Your chair should also be as close to the desk as possible.Regular breaks from sitting are recommended with standing, walking or lying and should occur regularly enough to prevent any onset of posture related pain.


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For detailed information on how to achieve optimal spinal alignment in lying ‘Become a Member’

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Choosing a Bed for Correct Posture

For detailed information on how to choose a bed to encourage correct spinal alignment including two easy to perform postural tests ‘Become a Member’

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Common Postural Exercises

For Common Postural Exercises designed to improve your posture and prevent injuries related to poor postural habits ‘Become a Member’

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Keep Active

For detailed information on how to keep active to help improve spinal alignment and reduce the likelihood of injuries related to poor postural habits ‘Become a Member’

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Posture Summary

For a detailed summary of the key points to improve spinal alignment and prevent injuries related to poor postural habits ‘Become a Member’

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Physiotherapy Products

Some of the most commonly recommended products by physiotherapist for patients with postural dysfunction include:

To purchase physiotherapy products to assist with maintaining optimal spinal alignment click on one of the above links or visit the PhysioAdvisor Shop.

Find a PhysioFind a Physio

Find a physiotherapist in your local area who can help to correct poor spinal alignment and treat associated injuries.

Injury Information

Click on the appropriate link below to view detailed injury information on some common injuries related to poor postural alignment:

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